According to Wikipedia, “pruning is a horticultural practice involving the selective removal of parts of a plant, such as branches, buds, or roots. The practice entails targeted removal of diseased, damaged, dead, non-productive, structurally unsound, or otherwise unwanted tissue from crop and landscape plants.”
Plants are not like human beings or animals. Removing their dead, diseased or non-productive parts does not cause pain to them. In fact it enhances their growth.
#1 To maintain a plant’s shape and size. If the plant is growing in areas it shouldn’t it’s growth can be check with pruning.
#2 To remove dead and diseased wood, so that the plant remains healthy and also looks aesthetically pleasing,
#3 To make the plant grow in a particular manner so that it looks dense and complete.
#4 To expose innermost parts of a plant to air and sunlight by removing any obstacle that can be removed.
#5 To rejuvenate old and neglected branches, and stimulating fresh growth.
#6 Plants lose water by a process called transpiration mainly through leaves, but also through stems, flowers and roots. Proper pruning during summer months preserves moisture in plants.
#7 To improve the quality of flower and fruits.
#8 To protect people from dead branches which are likely to fall. Pruning such branches, at the right time ensure that no one gets hurt.
#9 To reduce the overall weight or the branches by removing unnecessary parts.
#10 To give an artistic shape to the plant and enhance the aesthetics of your garden.
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