The Acharya Jagdish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden , popularly known as the Calcutta Botanical Gardens, situated at Shibpur, Howrah, near Kolkata, is one of the most iconic gardens of India. The garden covers an area of 109 hectares and has a collection of over 12,000 specimens of plants
The Great Banyan
Perhaps the biggest attraction of the garden is an enormous banyan tree, called The Great Banyan. With a circumference of more than 330 metres it is considered to be one of the biggest trees in the world.
Botanical Gardens were founded in 1787 by Colonel Robert Kyd , an army officer of the British East India Company. It was founded mainly for the purpose of preserving plants of commerical value. The Chinese tea plant was said to be introduced in India through this garden. But there was a change in this policy when botanist William Roxburgh became the superintendent of the garden in 1793. He brought in plants from all over India and developed an extensive herbarium that contributed rare and ornamental plants to the public and private gardens all over the world.
The Garden is currently under the supervision and control of the Botanical Survey of India of Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
On June 25, 2009, it was renamed as the Acharya Jagdish Chandra Bose India Botanic Garden, in the honour of the Bengali natural scientist, Acharya Jagdish Chanmdra Bose.
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